What is Norovirus? Check Symptoms, Causes and Patients in India

What is Norovirus? People worldwide are suffering from the “winter vomiting disease.” The gruesome reality of this illness is that it’s not just flu. Instead, a virus with an excellent transmitting capacity is the reason behind this. Here is the answer to questions like What Norovirus is? What are its causes? And What are its prevention methods?

What is Norovirus
What is Norovirus?

What is Norovirus?

Norovirus is an agent which causes diarrhoea, puking and uneasiness in the abdomen. The people suffering from the disease might not be able to detect it for a long time. Henceforth, individuals should prevent it from spreading to close ones. Check out this overview table, for instance, about the “stomach bug”.

IllnessNon- Bacterial Gastroenteritis
CauseNorovirus
Symptoms Diarrhoea, puking and uneasiness in the abdomen.
Patients affected in India 19
Frequency Seasonal
Age Group affected all age groups

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What causes Norovirus?

Norovirus is caused by contaminated food and edible substances. A single infected person can release millions of tiny particles of this virus which can be transmitted to other people. People suffering from Non- Bacterial Gastroenteritis might not detect it easily because of its close resemblance to food stomach flu or food poisoning. The contamination can occur due to:

  • Contacting the infected person.
  • Eating infected food.
  • Consuming food or putting hands in the mouth after touching a contaminated surface.

Symptoms of Norovirus

Here is a list of symptoms one might experience while suffering from the disease caused due to this virus:

  • Diarrhoea,
  • Nausea,
  • Vomiting,
  • Loss of taste,
  • Abdominal ache.

These symptoms might go away in a couple of days for a healthy adult but might cause prolonged discomfort for children and older people. In some rare cases, people might feel body aching and fever along with these common symptoms.

Prevention of Norovirus

People should learn to control this outburst by following these measures:

  • Washing hands frequently.
  • Use soup while washing.
  • Instruct the children to do the same.
  • Wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly before cooking.

In case you feel infected:

  • Do not contact others.
  • Do not cook or clean for someone.
  • Clean the contaminated utensils and clothes with hot water while wearing gloves.
  • Use hot water and bleach etc., to clean the infected surfaces.

Treatment

This disease can be treated at home only by staying put and resting.

  • Take the prescribed medicines by a licensed doctor.
  • Do not work too much.
  • Stay hydrated by drinking lots of water.
  • If you feel extremely ill, do visit the doctor immediately.

Norovirus Transmission

As mentioned earlier, the transfer of Norovirus can be direct or indirect. An infected person tends to spread the virus to at least 2.1 more. A maximum of 14 people have also been noticed to be infected by a single patient.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is Norovirus?

Norovirus is an agent which causes Non- Bacterial Gastroenteritis. Symptoms include
1. Diarrhoea,
2. Puking and
3. Uneasiness in the abdomen.

How can I get Norovirus?

Causes of the Virus:
1. Contacting the infected person.
2. Eating infected food.
3. Eating food or putting hands in the mouth after touching a contaminated surface.

How long does the Norovirus last?

The symptoms may last for about 1 or 2 days in a healthy adult. While children, sickly and older people might suffer discomfort for a prolonged period.

Why is Norovirus so dangerous?

Firstly, the transmission rate is relatively high for this virus. Secondly, in some cases, complications might lead to acute dehydration.

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